A heated debate in Algeria .. the reason is the position of the second man

The attention of the new members of the parliament is directed towards the issue of the current Speaker of the National Assembly, Salih Gojil, remaining in his position, or the trend towards electing a new president from among the new members.

Legal experts believe that it is important to have a political debate here in Algeria regarding the position of Speaker of the National Assembly, coinciding with the passing of the third anniversary of the Algerian popular movement “February 22”.


Legally, the Algerian constitutional expert, Amer Rakhila, confirms that Goujil is an elected president at the head of the National Assembly, according to the text of the law, which gives him the right to remain in office for a full 6 years since his unanimous election on February 24, 2021.

According to the law, the Speaker of the National Assembly is the second man in the state after President Abdelmadjid Tebboune, and the reins of power return to him in the event of the president’s resignation, death or illness, as is the case with the late National Assembly Speaker Abdelkader bin Saleh, who took over the country’s administration as president. Temporarily after the late President Abdelaziz Bouteflika submitted his resignation in 2019.

Rakhila told “Sky News Arabia” that Gogel’s era is not linked to the midterm elections, because he is not an interim president of the council, as he was in the past.

The legal expert looks at the issue of Gogel’s departure from his position from a political angle, noting that the basis of the discussion is due to the age of the 91-year-old man and his ability to manage the affairs of the second chamber of parliament.

Rakhila believes that the current problem lies in the age of the Algerian politician, and his ability to manage a team of deputies, most of whom are from the post-independence generation.

The midterm elections yielded members with an average age of 50 years.

This reflects the aspirations of the people compared to the political reforms that President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has introduced since his election in 2019.

The second man to fill any void

Historically, Algeria headed for the first time towards establishing a National Assembly in 1996, for difficult political reasons that Algeria experienced during the black decade in the nineties of the last century, a period that witnessed the assassination of former President Mohamed Boudiaf on June 29, 1992, which created an exceptional situation accompanied by a vacuum in legislative institutions. .

Article 98 of the 1996 constitution stipulated the establishment of a National Assembly in order to fill any power vacuum in the event that the President of the Republic was unable to assume his constitutional duties.

The National Assembly is currently composed of 144 members, 47 of whom are appointed by the President of the Republic, in what is legally known as the “presidential third”.

The “presidential third” is described as the blocking and obstructing any decisions that contradict the political vision adopted by the President of the Republic, which is reflected in the nature of the regulations issued by the National Assembly since 1996 until today.

“Gogel the right man”

On the other hand, others believe that Gogel has all the qualities that qualify him to remain in the position controlled by the Presidency of the Republic.

Gojil is seen as a national figure with historical features, due to the prominent role he played during the Algerian revolution, which makes him trusted by the authority, especially Tebboune.

Political science researcher and professor at the University of Algiers, Fatih Khanano, describes the issue of Gujel leaving or staying from his position as a difficult question.

Khannano told Sky News Arabia: “In general, it can be said that reaching the National Assembly election will have a major role in the process of building my institutions, which was promised by the President of the Republic, especially since almost all of the members are young and under 60 years old, especially since the National Assembly will constitutionally serve as an institution.” Balance it to create balance within the institution of legislation.

The political researcher explained that Algeria today is facing two scenarios: either choosing a personality from among the presidential appointees or the elected.

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